Nintendo Game Boy Advance SP Platinum
No, it's the other way around. The Nintendo DS is the newer system which plays both DS games and Game Boy Advanced games. The Game Boy Advanced can only play Game Boy Advanced and Game Boy Color games.
No, it's the 001 model. Front-lit, not back-lit.
Yes it does have a charger
First of the sp is more portable and is more powerful second of it can be charged so it’s not eating your batteries and the normal is 30 not 40 but there’s are boath great consoles